Charles Rudd.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Colonization of Zimbabwe:The Rudd Concession of 30 October 1888

  • Rhodes thought that Lobengula could cancel the Moffat treaty so he came up with a plan on how to secure Zimbabwe.
  • He had to secure mining rights hence the need for a concession.
  • This led to the sending of Charles Rudd and his negotiators to go and seek a concession with Lobengula called the Rudd Concession
  • The team consisted of Rochfort Maigure (a very close friend of Rhodes and a law graduate from Oxford), Francis Thompson (an interpreter fluent in Nguni languages) and Charles Rudd (a business associate of Rhodes in the De Beers company and the team leader)
  • The team found Lobengula in a no negotiation mood as he was under pressure from his amabutho who wanted to kill whites in the Ndebele state
  • They could not talk to him for a full month but they remained persistent
  • Charles Helm a missionary of the London Missionary Society was already operating in the Ndebele state and was Lobengula’s close ally was bribed by the team
  • He supported the Rudd Concession seekers and pleaded on their behalf to the king
  • The Concession seekers also bribed also bribed Lotshe and Sikombo who were senior indunas and these began supporting them too
  • Sir Shippard also tricked Lobengula into signing the treaty as he said that they were sent by the British Queen
  • It was signed with Charles Helm as the witness

Written terms of the Rudd Concession

  • Lobengula received 100 pounds per month
  • Lobengula was to get 1000 rifles (guns)
  • Lobengula was also to get 100 000 rounds of ammunition (bullets)
  • A gunboat was to be stationed in the Zambezi River
  • A minimum of 10 unarmed British soldiers were to be allowed into the kingdom at a time
  • The whites were to do what they deemed necessary
  • The Whites were granted all metals and minerals in Matebeleland

Non – written terms of the Rudd Concession

  • Lobengula promised that no more than ten men would enter his kingdom.
  • The whites agreed to follow the Ndebele rules
  • The British also promised to help Lobengula defend his state when required
  • There was to be entrance of British men and weapons before the payment of the 1000 rifles promised to Lobengula
  • A concession notice was to be published in the newspaper to notify other European powers
  • The Whites were supposed dig one hole and go back to South Africa.

Lobengula’s Reaction to the Rudd Concession

  • Lobengula wrote a letter complaining to the queen that he had not given away his country
  • The letter went with his indunas Mshete and Babayane
  • The queen told Lobengula that he was supposed to have given a cow not the herd to a stranger
  • Lobengula even killed Lotshe and Sikombo for betraying him
  • He even published notices in the newspapers explaining that he had not sold the country and sent a chance party to follow Maigure but it was to no avail
  • He invited many explorers to his court to explain himself but it did not stop the occupation of Zimbabwe
  • Lobengula signed the Lippert treaty to frustrate Rhodes but Rhodes bought the treaty
  • The Lipperty treaty granted exclusive rights to German financier Lippert for a hundred years

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, chat with us using the chat feature at the bottom right of this screen