ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Colonization of Zimbabwe:The Rudd Concession of 30 October 1888
- Rhodes thought that Lobengula could cancel the Moffat treaty so he came up with a plan on how to secure Zimbabwe.
- He had to secure mining rights hence the need for a concession.
- This led to the sending of Charles Rudd and his negotiators to go and seek a concession with Lobengula called the Rudd Concession
- The team consisted of Rochfort Maigure (a very close friend of Rhodes and a law graduate from Oxford), Francis Thompson (an interpreter fluent in Nguni languages) and Charles Rudd (a business associate of Rhodes in the De Beers company and the team leader)
- The team found Lobengula in a no negotiation mood as he was under pressure from his amabutho who wanted to kill whites in the Ndebele state
- They could not talk to him for a full month but they remained persistent
- Charles Helm a missionary of the London Missionary Society was already operating in the Ndebele state and was Lobengula’s close ally was bribed by the team
- He supported the Rudd Concession seekers and pleaded on their behalf to the king
- The Concession seekers also bribed also bribed Lotshe and Sikombo who were senior indunas and these began supporting them too
- Sir Shippard also tricked Lobengula into signing the treaty as he said that they were sent by the British Queen
- It was signed with Charles Helm as the witness
Written terms of the Rudd Concession
- Lobengula received 100 pounds per month
- Lobengula was to get 1000 rifles (guns)
- Lobengula was also to get 100 000 rounds of ammunition (bullets)
- A gunboat was to be stationed in the Zambezi River
- A minimum of 10 unarmed British soldiers were to be allowed into the kingdom at a time
- The whites were to do what they deemed necessary
- The Whites were granted all metals and minerals in Matebeleland
Non – written terms of the Rudd Concession
- Lobengula promised that no more than ten men would enter his kingdom.
- The whites agreed to follow the Ndebele rules
- The British also promised to help Lobengula defend his state when required
- There was to be entrance of British men and weapons before the payment of the 1000 rifles promised to Lobengula
- A concession notice was to be published in the newspaper to notify other European powers
- The Whites were supposed dig one hole and go back to South Africa.
Lobengula’s Reaction to the Rudd Concession
- Lobengula wrote a letter complaining to the queen that he had not given away his country
- The letter went with his indunas Mshete and Babayane
- The queen told Lobengula that he was supposed to have given a cow not the herd to a stranger
- Lobengula even killed Lotshe and Sikombo for betraying him
- He even published notices in the newspapers explaining that he had not sold the country and sent a chance party to follow Maigure but it was to no avail
- He invited many explorers to his court to explain himself but it did not stop the occupation of Zimbabwe
- Lobengula signed the Lippert treaty to frustrate Rhodes but Rhodes bought the treaty
- The Lipperty treaty granted exclusive rights to German financier Lippert for a hundred years
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