July 2015

Functions of a Seaport authority

By |2017-01-17T11:20:01+02:00July 15th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

A ship docked at Rhizhao seaport. Image credit MediaWiki

A ship docked at Rhizhao seaport. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Functions of a Seaport authority

Functions of a Sea-Port Authority

  • Ensure that seaports are accessible from the inland by both road and rail.
  • Ensures efficient handling of both imports […]

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Bill of lading

By |2017-01-17T11:20:01+02:00July 15th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

A sample bill of lading. Image credit uvlightpen.com

A sample bill of lading. Image credit uvlightpen.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport/International Trade: Bill of Lading

Bill of lading

  • Is required whenever goods are transported by sea.
  • An agreement entered into by the shipping company and the exporter.
  • Is evidence (acknowledgement) of receipt fr […]

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Containerisation

By |2017-01-17T11:20:09+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Maersk Container ship. Image credit fleetmon.com

Maersk Container ship. Image credit fleetmon.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Containerisation

Containerisation

  • Refers to the carriage of goods in standardised large containers (boxes) made of metal.
  • The containers are:
  • filled with goods ready for transportation.
  • They are sealed in the presence of custom officials at the point […]

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Documents used in shipping: Charter Party

By |2017-01-17T11:20:10+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

A time charter. Image credit lawandsea.net

A time charter. Image credit lawandsea.net ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Documents used in shipping: Charter Party

Charter Party.

  • A contract document used to hire a ship for example tramp ships.
  • It can be known as a voyage charter when hiring a ramp for a specific […]

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Ocean Tankers

By |2017-01-17T11:20:11+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

An oil tanker. Image credit arabiangazette.com

An oil tanker. Image credit arabiangazette.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Ocean Tankers

Tankers

  • They are large in size ranging from a few thousand tons to over 500 000 tons in size.
  • They are a bulky type of carrier ship that specialise in transporting liquids e.g. […]

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Roll on Roll off (RoRo) Ships

By |2017-01-17T11:20:12+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

A RoRo ship loading. Image credit venice.it

A RoRo ship loading. Image credit venice.it ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Roll on Roll off (RoRo) Ships

Roll on Roll off (Ro-Ro) ships

  • These are specialised types of vessels.
  • They allow lorries or vehicles loaded with their own cargo to:
  • to be driven onto the ship (roll […]

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Oil Bulk Ore (O.B.O) Ships

By |2017-01-17T11:20:13+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki

Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Oil Bulk Ore (O.B.O) Ships

Bulk Carriers

  • They are also known as Bulk Carriers.
  • They are a specialised type of ship (tankers) which carry special types of cargo.
  • These are bulk carrier […]

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Types of sea transport: Liners

By |2017-01-17T11:20:14+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

The Carnival Magic, an ocean liner for people. Image credit wordpress.com

The Carnival Magic, an ocean liner for people. Image credit wordpress.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Liners

Liners

  • They are also known as ocean liners
  • Cargo ships which are not meant for hiring.
  • There are also ocean liners that carry people.
  • They follow […]

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Tramp ships

By |2017-01-17T11:20:15+02:00July 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Tramp ship carrying containers. Image credit ecuadoratyourservice.com

Tramp ship carrying containers. Image credit ecuadoratyourservice.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Tramp ships

Tramps

  • Cargo ships which are for hire.
  • They can be hired for a specific time and journey.
  • They trade on the spot market.
  • They can be chartered at the Baltic Exchange in […]

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Modes of transport: Sea

By |2017-01-17T11:20:16+02:00July 10th, 2015|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

The Oriana a cruise ship from Germany. Image credit totifun.com

The Oriana a cruise ship from Germany. Image credit totifun.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Modes of transport: Sea

Sea Transport.

Advantages

  • Is cheap.
  • Suitable for:
  • bulky cargo e.g. crude oil.
  • Heavy goods e.g. mineral ores.
  • Mixed cargo i.e. different goods.
  • Different types and sizes of ships […]

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