February 2017

Modern Developments in Transport: Air Transport

By |2022-09-15T12:35:52+02:00February 23rd, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Easy Jet provides budget flights. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Modern Developments in Transport: Air Transport

  • Development in this transport sector includes enlarging and modernizing airports and terminals.
  • There is also a strong drive to attract airlines from developed countries to fly to developing countries to boost tourism […]

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Modern Developments in Transport: Sea transport

By |2022-09-15T12:35:52+02:00February 23rd, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A container ship. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Modern Developments in Transport: Sea transport

  • Sea transport development has involved the modernization of old ports through deepening of harbours, building wharfs and quays and installing new port handling facilities to increase capacity and efficiency.
  • For example in Mozambique, the […]

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Modern Developments in Transport: Rail transport

By |2022-09-15T12:35:52+02:00February 23rd, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

High speed “bullet” train. Image credit inhabitat.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Modern Developments in Transport: Rail transport

  • In advanced countries, high speed rail transport has been developed.
  • For example the Japanese have developed their high speed Bullet train which can reach speeds of 350 – 400 km per hour.
  • All […]

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Transport Network analysis

By |2022-09-15T12:35:56+02:00February 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Transport Network analysis

 

The transport network system of Uganda. 
  • A transport network is  a spatial pattern of transportation facilities in a given region
  • It shows the pattern of transportation facilities that cover a given area e.g. a country, region or continent
  • Various methods are used […]

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Pipeline Transport in Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:35:57+02:00February 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Pipeline transport in Africa. Image credit thevillager.com.na

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Pipeline Transport in Africa

  • Whereas pipeline transport is very highly developed in advanced countries such as Germany and Canada and in oil-producing Middle East countries like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran and Iraq, this mode of transport is very […]

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Air Transport in Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:35:57+02:00February 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ethopian airways. Image credit financialgazette.co.zw

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Air Transport in Africa

  • Africa’s air transport is poorly organised at both the international and regional levels for the movement of passenger and freight.
  • Whilst global passenger and freight traffic have been growing annually, Africa’s situation is one where volumes are […]

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Sea Ports in Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:35:58+02:00February 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The port at Cape Town South Africa. Image credit businessmediamags.co.za

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport:Ports in Africa

Siting of ports in Africa

  • The siting of a port is determined by the physical environment.
  • Deep estuaries or deep offshore waters are necessary otherwise where the continental shelf is shallow, a lot of […]

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Railways, ports and inland waterways

By |2022-09-15T12:35:58+02:00February 21st, 2017|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Ferry on Lake Malawi. Image credit seabreezes.co.im

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Railways, ports and inland waterways

  • Africa’s transport network is the least development in the world for various reason.
  • The continent has some of the world’s poorest nations with very low Gross Domestic Products (GDPs), Gross National Products […]

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October 2015

Pipelines

By |2022-09-15T12:41:08+02:00October 10th, 2015|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Pipeline under construction. Image credit MediaWiki

Pipeline under construction. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Pipeline

Advantages

  • They are very efficient
  • They are cheap once the installation has been completed.
  • They can carry fluids in bulk.

Disadvantages

  • They are immobile i.e the route cannot be changed once they are installed.
  • Can only carry fluids […]

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Sea Transport

By |2022-09-15T12:41:08+02:00October 10th, 2015|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

An ocean bulk cariar. Image credit malaquaylogistics.com

An ocean bulk carrier. Image credit malaquaylogistics.com ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Sea Transport

Advantages

  • Is relatively cheaper.
  • Caries bulky goods at once
  • They are very comfortable for example cruise ships and ocean liners are often fitted with luxury facilities such as bathrooms, toilets, casinos and […]

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