Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki

Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Oil Bulk Ore (O.B.O) Ships

Bulk Carriers

  • They are also known as Bulk Carriers.
  • They are a specialised type of ship (tankers) which carry special types of cargo.
  • These are bulk carrier ships that carry:
  • explosives
  • oil e.g. crude oil.
  • Ores e.g. unprocessed mineral ores.
  • Bulky cargo such as grain.
  • Examples of OBO ships are oil tankers.
  • They are designed to:
  • take advantage of economies of scale due to their size.
  • Use mechanical handling in loading and off-loading of goods.
  • They do not have fixed:
  • routes or
  • fixed timetables.

To access more topics go to the Commerce Notes page.


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