Pipeline under construction. Image credit MediaWiki

Pipeline under construction. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Pipeline


  • They are very efficient
  • They are cheap once the installation has been completed.
  • They can carry fluids in bulk.


  • They are immobile i.e the route cannot be changed once they are installed.
  • Can only carry fluids such as oil, gas and water and not solids like meat.
  • They are very expensive to install and maintain.
  • They are easy to sabotage e.g. the RENAMO bandits constantly threatened and sabotaged Zimbabwe’s Beira-Feruka pipeline during the Mozambican Civil War.
  • Leaks and damage can be difficult to detect if the pipeline is underground.
  • Special pipelines are required to carry flammables.

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