ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:Zimbabwe 1894-1969: Land Apportionment Act (1931)
- After deliberation of the Morris Carter Commission in 1925, it was agreed that land in Zimbabwe be divided into three areas
- Whites got prime land which was 51% of the total land
- Africans onwed about 30% of the land but it was in less productive areas
- Africans were given reserves and Native Purchase Scheme
- The only way Africans could own land was either through a collective trust called Tribal Trust Lands (TTL) or Native Purchase Areas
- This Act was passed in 1931 and was racist and segregatory in nature
- Africans were restricted from acquiring prime land by this law
- Very few Africans could access the capital funds needed to buy large pieces of land available to them in the Native Purchase areas
- The European got areas in the uplands with higher rainfall and thinner soil
- These areas were optimal for large scale, mechanized farming and included mainly irrigated areas and very large scale foreign owned ranches
- Africans became permanent workers on European farms
- The Act paved way for more racist and colonial policies to consolidate the powers over land
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