ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming as a system
- A farm is a tract of land on which crops and often livestock are raised for livelihood
- A farm can be viewed as a system
- A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex or intricate whole.
- The farm is a system with inputs, elements, characteristics, processes and outputs.
- This system may be closed or open, depending on location and level of production.
|natural inputs include:|
human inputs include:
labour, capital, machinery, seeds, fertilisers and insecticides
division and farm buildings
waste materials eg crop stalks
residues and manure
- Components that fall under inputs are as follows, these are natural inputs:
- Land size
- Land Ownership and tenure
- Natural inputs are always complemented by human inputs
- The human inputs are what the people themselves put onto the land to produce outputs
- Common Human inputs include:
- Farm machinery
- Click on each input to learn more about it
To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page