Robert Mugabe the First Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: End of White Rule and Independence

  • Although Africans had the most causalities in the war, it is important to note that whites were also killed or injured
  • Many white farmers, missionaries and miners were killed
  • More than 30 missionaries were murdered during the war but they had been assisting the guerrillas
  • In 1979 four Dominican nuns and three Jesuit priests were killed at St Pauls Mission by the settlers soldiers
  • 12 people were also killed at Elim Pentecostal Mission by guerrillas
  • Although the colonial government employed a lot of brutal tactics to try and suppress the uprisings, the war escalated and could not be stopped
  • The number of guerrillas increased by the end of the year and the martial law covered about 93% of Rhodesia
  • Smith agreed to the franchise and transfer or power to Africans was organized in two stages, that is, the Internal Settlement and the Lancaster House Conference

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

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