ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Transport: Transport: Introduction
- -refers to the means by which goods and people are moved from one point to another on the earth’s surface.
Transport is an outcome of supply (production) and demand (consumption).
- Goods or raw materials may be produced in one area while consumers or manufacturers may be found in another area.
- Transport therefore acts as a link between the two.
- For example Cotton has to be transported from farms to the weaving industries.
- The cloth then has to be transported to clothing industries where they are turned into clothes.
- The clothes then have to be transported back to the customers.
- Also the spatial distribution of services such as homes and workplaces creates the need for transport.
- For example people have to be ferried to and from work back to their homes on a daily basis i.e. commuters.
- People also move to a from places of social and cultural activities.
- Transport is necessitated by distance.
- Wherever there is distance between two places, there will be need for transport.
Factors affecting transport choice.
- The choice of transport that will be used between two points depends on the following:
- The type of goods to be transported e.g. liquids can be carried by pipeline or tankers
- The quantity of goods to be transported e.g. bulky or heavy goods can be shipped or transported by rail while light goods can be flown in.
- Quality for example perishables need to be transported quickly to the market before they go bad.
- The number of people to transport.
- Human preference
- The cost of the type of transport
- Accessibility of the source and destination.
- Availability of roads, navigable river or railway lines to use.
- The affluence of the people involved.
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