Hunter and Guide Courtney Selous

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Pioneer Corps

  • After obtaining the royal charter, Rhodes organized a party to occupy Zimbabwe
  • It was led by Frank Johnson and its guide was Fredrick Courtney Selous who was once a hunter in Zimbabwe
  • He sent out adverts worldwide for people to apply and only 200 were selected who had African experience and were 30 years and below
  • The selected were put on Rhodes’ payroll and had various skills including teachers, miners, blacksmiths, carpenters, farmers, bakers, nurses and also traders.
  • Each member of the column was promised 3000 acres and 15 gold mines upon reaching Mashonaland
  • Each member was paid 75.6 pounds per day
  • Mashonaland was to colonized in the form of a military invasion
  • The Pioneers went with a police force of about 500 officers led by Colonel Pennefather with Barrow and Heanry as juniors
  • The force was supposed to suppress any resistance from the
    locals
  • Seretse Khama of Botswana helped the Pioneers by giving them 500 Bechuanaland Border Police and 200 men to work as labourers.
  • The Pioneer column marched from early 1890 with 117 ox wagons into Mashonaland
  • They crossed the Macloutsie River in June and Shashi river in July
  • Lobengula’s Amabutho wanted to march towards the column in frustration but they were prevented by Lobengula because he was aware of the how the powerful the white man gun was.
  • The Pioneer established Forts as they were moving into Zimbabwe such as Fort Tuli and Fort Victoria
  • They reached Fort Salisbury (Harare) on September 12 1890 and raised their flag known as the Union Jack

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.


Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, chat with us using the chat feature at the bottom right of this screen