ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Sobhuza versus Zwide
- Zwide Kalanga (1758-1825) was the king of the Ndwandwe/Nxumalo nation circa 1805 to circa 1820
- Around the time Zwide was king the Ndwandwe were a growing military power
- Zidwe was an ambitious leader keen on expanding the borders of his kingdom
- Sobhuza ((circa 1780–1836) also known as Sobhuza I Ngwane IV or Somhlolo) was the king of the Ngwane (Swaziland) from 1815-1836
- Sobhuza’s realm was centered in territory along the Pongola river south of the current country of Swaziland
- Sobhuza’s kingdom was smaller than the Zulu and Ndwandwe kingdoms which were located south of the kingdom
- The fight between these two leaders was the beginning of the struggle for supremacy in Nguniland
- They were all trying to control maize fertile fields along the Pongolo valley when
- In 1817 Zwide attacked Sobhuza’s capital in retaliation
- The Ngwane (Sobhuza) were expelled after several wars from the Pongolo valley
- Sobhuza later founded the Swazi nation presently known as Swaziland
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