Nguni apparel. Image credit BBC

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Crisis in Nguniland: Sobhuza versus Zwide

  • Zwide Kalanga (1758-1825) was the king of the Ndwandwe/Nxumalo nation circa 1805 to circa 1820
  • Around the time Zwide was king the Ndwandwe were a growing military power
  • Zidwe was an ambitious leader keen on expanding the borders of his kingdom
  • Sobhuza ((circa 1780–1836) also known as Sobhuza I Ngwane IV or  Somhlolo) was the king of the Ngwane (Swaziland) from 1815-1836
  • Sobhuza’s realm was centered  in territory along the Pongola river south of the current country of Swaziland
  • Sobhuza’s kingdom was smaller than the Zulu and Ndwandwe kingdoms which were located south of the kingdom
  • The fight between these two leaders was the beginning of the struggle for supremacy in Nguniland
  • They were all trying to control maize fertile fields along the Pongolo valley when
  • In 1817 Zwide attacked Sobhuza’s capital in retaliation
  • The Ngwane (Sobhuza) were expelled after several wars from the Pongolo valley
  • Sobhuza later founded the Swazi nation presently known as Swaziland

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.


Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, chat with us using the chat feature at the bottom right of this screen