Abel Muzorewa in 2005

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Settler’s warfare tactics

  • They built a powerful army and air force of both whites and blacks. The blacks in white armies were sellouts
  • They also used the state of emergency declaration and used various laws to hang, brutalize, kill and detain Africans
  • Those thought to be supporting the guerrillas were brutalized more
  • They employed the protected villages and the dawn to dusk curfew strategy so that villagers would not give guerillas any support
  • They attacked neighbouring countries such as Mozambique which were giving support to Zimbabwe and killed refugees in camps
  • They also facilitated the killing of Herbert Chitepo to weaken the nationalists
  • They also signed the internal settlement with Muzorewa, Sithole and Chirau

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

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