An early image of Africa Unity Square.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Zimbabwe 1894-1969:Resistance of Economic Exploitation by Natives

  • Exploitation of peasants and worker was greatly resented
  • Peasants and workers usually used passive resistance against white settlers
  • They used methods such as refusing to offer labour in mines, factories and farms
  • They refuse to pay rentals for their stay at white farms
  • They refused to cooperate with white government officials
  • They moved to free land so they could live in peace but this became difficult after 1930’s Land Apportionment Act
  • Later they resorted to strikes such as that of Shamva and Wankie mine workers which was later crushed by the government
  • In the 1920s the workers began protesting through labour unions
  • This led to the creation of the Rhodesia Industrial Commercial Workers Union (RICU) in 1927 led by Clements Kadalie
  • Other leaders of RICU were Masotsha Ndlovu and Charles Mzingeli and their major aim was to challenge colonial capitalists
  • However the trade union did not last long as it was suppressed by the colonial government after the enactment of the Industrial Conciliation Act of 1934
  • The Act prevented Africans from forming trade unions and to compete on the labour market
  • Smaller trade unions were formed to try such as the Railway Workers Association which organized strikes in 1948 which were suppressed severely by the colonial government
  • The strike was however followed by a general strike which spread from Bulawayo to Gweru and then Harare

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, chat with us using the chat feature at the bottom right of this screen