ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa State: Reasons for the fall of the Mutapa State
- The following reasons can be given to account for the fall of the Mutapa state:
- The succession to the throne by weak leaders such as the Mukombwes and Negomo
- Succession disputes which often led to
- Civil wars
- The vast size of the state made communication and control difficult.
- Persistent droughts further weakened the state.
- Rebellious by vassal chiefs.
- Refusal to pay tribute by vassal chiefs.
- Attacks by Mfecane groups for example the Mutapa Kandeya and Mutapa Dzeka were attacked by the Ngoni.
- Ndebele raids further weakened the state.
- The exhaustion of minerals like gold.
- The coming of imperial European powers who competed to control the state.
- Portuguese interference for example the installation of puppet rulers like Mavhura Mhande.
- The Portuguese also supplied weapons to rival chiefs and often interfered in civil wars.
- The rise of Changamire Dombo and the Rozvi kingdom.
- The Swahili influence was also detrimental to the unity of the state.
To access more topics go to the History Notes page.
Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge
If anything goes wrong, click here to enter your query.