ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Problems of Resources Exploitation
- Resources exploitation is not easy and there are many difficulties that are faced which can be grouped into physical factors and human factors.
- The following are physical and human factors that may cause problems of resources exploitation.
Physical environmental factors
- Rugged terrain with steep slopes makes setting up of transport networks expensive and difficult.
- Hot wet areas have a high incidence of diseases.
- Swampy areas make resources exploitation difficult because the swamps have to be drained. The ground in such areas can also be unstable.
- Geological occurrence of mineral resources can be a problem. Minerals occurring in folded and faulted structure are expensive and difficult to extract.
- Where mineral ores occurs below the water table, a lot of money is spent on pumping the water.
Human factors include:
- Shortage of capital and fluctuating demand.
- Outdated technology.
- Political instability/internal civil strife.
- Shortage of skilled labour.
- Pressure from environmental groups
- The perception of what constitutes a resources.
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