ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Missionaries: Problems faced by Missionaries in Zimbabwe between 1850-1900
- Problems faced by the missionaries included:
- Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever.
- Poor transport and communication as journeys had to be made by foot or cattle wagons.
- Language barrier: most natives only spoke their native tongues while most of the missionaries who were of European origin could not speak these.
- Opposition from Muslims.
- Opposition from African Traditional Leaders.
- Poor Security.
- Resistance to education by the locals.
- Resistance to Christianity by the locals.
- Some of the missionaries were killed by wild animals especially as they made journeys across untamed lands.
- They were often viewed with suspicion and distrust by the local population.
- They lacked access to proper medications
- Often faced starvation as food could be scarce.
- They often faced delays in being granted permission to operate.
- Their converts or potential converts were often threatened, killed or sent away e.g. Bernard Mizeki.
- The African climate was hostile and unforgiving with plenty of sunshine compared to the milder climates of Europe.
- They were exposed to cruel African customs such as the killing of twins and albinos and raiding.
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