ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Managing Human Resources: Human Resources Management: Training: Off the job training

  • This is when instruction and training are provided away or outside the work environment
  • There are a number of off the job training methods including:
  • Lessons and lectures-this is the traditional method of training that takes place in Universities, Colleges and schools
  • Case Studies- these are documented studies of a specific real-life situations or imagined scenarios.
  • Trainees are required to study, analyse, interpret and present solutions
  • Discussion groups– where employees are placed in groups for example quality circles
  • Development centers
  • Group dynamics
  • Action learning e.g. practicals in science lab
  • Projects
  • Business games
  • Outdoor training

Advantages of off the job training

  • There is minimum distraction as the employee is placed in a conducive learning environment
  • Trainees cannot disrupt production or cause damage
  • Most training methods are funded by the employee/prospective employee
  • A wider range of skills may be taught
  • Prepares the employee for eventual employment
  • Employees have a chance to meet people from other organisations and gain experience from them

Disadvantages of off the job training

  • Can be much more expensive in terms of transport, equipment etc
  • Lost production time
  • New employees will still need induction training
  • Is not a substitute for the real employment process as it can be too theoretical
  • There is the possibility of oversight of some aspects which may turn out to be important in the real job
  • There is delayed feedback which is needed to refine the teaching methods

To access more topics go to the O Level Business Notes