Horse Mackerel. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Fishing:Fishing:Sea fishing

  • The coastal areas of southern-central Africa stretching from Tanzania, through Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia, Angola and DRC is home to several marine species including fish.
  • Fish resources are concentrated within the narrow continental shelf, a few kilometres from the coastline.
  • Southern Africa has not be endowed with a wide continental shelf like other landmasses, hence the limited extend of its fishing grounds.
  • SADC countries are signatories to the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention.
  • The convention gives countries right over natural resources stretching for 200 nautical miles of their coastline.
  • The 200 nautical mile radius of coastal waters is called the Exclusive Economic Zone.
  • Beyond this zone resources fall under the World’s common heritage.
  • This means that the resources can be exploited by any other country.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page