Barack Obama

ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Leadership: Introduction

  • Leadership is the art or process of influencing others so that they perform tasks that have been assigned to them in an efficient and effective manner
  • The others may be followers, employees or subordinates
  • The followers/subordinates/employees have to perform these tasks freely and without being coerced (forced)
  • A leader is a person who commands or leads an organisation
  • Leaders can either be appointed, selected, voted or emerge as in informal groups
  • Their ability to lead may come from their expertise or their personality (charisma)
  • Managers are leaders but there is more to management than just leadership
  • Managers have both traits and skills
  • Traits are qualities or characteristics that leaders naturally have
  • Skills are the expertise and abilities that managers have as a result of learning
  • Managers have different leadership style
  • A leadership style is  a leader’s manner of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people
  • There are three distinct leadership styles:
  • The autocratic style
  • The democratic style
  • Laissez-faire

Click on each style to learn more about it

To access more topics go to the O Level Business Notes page