Ruware/Dwala. Image credit

Ruware/Dwala. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Landforms resulting from weathering.

  • Weathering processes and usually in conjunction with other denudation processes such as water and wind erosion and mass wasting results in the formation of various landscapes.
  • In temperate and tropical latitudes these include:


  • The word inselberg is German for “island mountain”
  • Monadnock is West Indian for isolated mountain.
  • An inselberg or monadnock is an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain.
  • They are hills made up of rock piles or blocks of rocksĀ that rise from an area of relatively flat and/or lower terrain.
  • If the monadnock is dome-shaped and formed from granite-gneiss, it can also be called a bornhardt.
  • Common inselbergs include: castle kopjes, tors , balancing rocks and conical hills with rectangular sides.

Weathering also forms:

2) Ruwares/Dwalas/Whalebacks

3) Karst landscapes

4) Mountain peaks that are usually made up of rocks when the mountain core is exposed.

To access more topics go to the Geography Notes page.