Herman Goering leader of Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo)

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Germany: Political Policies

  • Germany became a police state and they enforced Nazi policies
  • Political parties were banned
  • The state police known as the Gestapo (Germany for Secret State) was responsible for law enforcement
  • Genuine opposition became unknown
  • Civil servants were purged
  • Many people were arrested and tortured in prison for opposing the new government
  • Many died in prisons before they were tried
  • Hitler reintroduced military conscription in 1933
  • Hitler also introduced the Schutzstaffell which provided him with personal bodyguards and performed many of the ruthless killings of the Jews
  • There was also the Death Head’s Units which was in charge of concentration camps and they were the toughest
  • They were convicted criminals released to torture people
  • The Weimer Republic Police was brought under the wings of the Nazi
  • The law courts were also placed under Nazi Rule
  • Hitler set up concentration camps for Jews, members of opposition camps and Trade unionists and these were death traps for those imprisoned
  • All media houses and book publishing houses were brought under Nazi control
  • All films had to feature Nazi ideologies and radio stations had to follow suit

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