ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:Scramble and Partition of Africa:Effects of the Berlin Conference
- It partitioned/divided Africa among European nations.
- 90 % of African countries lost their independence to European nations. Liberia and Ethiopia remained free
- It led to the suffering of Africans as they were abused by colonial masters with many crushed to death after resisting colonialism e.g. in 1880’s-1890’s France began an aggressive colonization policy in West Africa.
- They also worked as slaves for long hours
- It led to the diving of ethnic groups e.g. Makonde in Mozambique and in Tanganyika, Maasai in Kenya
- The conference left some ambitious powers like Germany dissatisfied and this fueled the first and second world war
- Africans lost their lands to Europeans
- A huge number of Africans did from European diseases
- Africa’s resources were greatly exploited
- European tradition and values dominated and subdued African cultural values
- Taxes were introduced on Africans
- It led to the abandonment of slave trade
- It also led to the introduction of legitimate trade
- It led to the spread of Western civilization and technological advancement to Africa
- There was infrastructural development in African main cities
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