Ian Smith(left) the Prime Minister of Rhodesia

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe: Political Grievances

  • Africans had also lost their political voice
  • Many Africans were denied the right to vote by the qualifications for voting introduced
  • Franchise legislation even though it was changed 5 times was raised each time Africans seemed to be getting closer to the limit
  • African chiefs lost their traditional roles and were replaced by Native Commissioners
  • Separate development was supported by many laws introduced by the settlers
  • Africans did not have representatives in Parliament after the dissolution of the federation
  • This meant that all decisions made were in the favour of whites
  • Africans who participated in the World War II had experienced equality they came and spread the phenomenon to fellow Africans
  • This led to the formation of different political parties which spread the idea of nationalism and more political authority
  • The Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Ian Smith meant that he had refused to share power with Africans and this angered the natives

To access more topics go to the History Notes page.

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