ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy: Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural gas as a source of energy


  • Has high energy output, an efficient energy source.
  • Relatively cleaner compared with coal.
  • Easy to mine if land-based oilfields.
  • Easy to transport through pipelines.
  • Can be used to power vehicles
  • Relatively cheap.
  • Has a lot of other industrial uses.


  • Environmentally unfriendly through land, air and water pollution.
  • Has a very short lifespan due to multi-functional uses.
  • Leaks in pies underground can go unnoticed.
  • Surface pipelines are easy to sabotage.
  • Lighter crude fractions highly inflammable and dangerous.
  • Over-dependence has created energy crises.
  • Used as a political weapon.

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