• Working capital is the difference between a business’s current assets and current liabilities
  • Managing working capital is crucial for the financial health and success of a business

What is working capital management?

  • Working capital management involves managing a business’s current assets and liabilities to ensure that it has enough liquidity to meet its short-term obligations
  • It involves monitoring and optimizing the levels of inventory, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and cash on hand

Importance of working capital management:

  • Cash flow management: Proper working capital management helps businesses to manage their cash flows more effectively, reducing the risk of insolvency or bankruptcy.
  • Investment opportunities: By managing working capital effectively, businesses can free up cash to invest in growth opportunities, such as expanding into new markets or investing in new equipment.
  • Supplier relationships: Effective working capital management helps to maintain good relationships with suppliers by ensuring timely payments and reducing the risk of supply chain disruptions.
  • Cost management: By optimizing working capital levels, businesses can reduce their costs, for example by reducing inventory holding costs or minimizing the cost of capital.
  • Creditworthiness: Effective working capital management can improve a business’s creditworthiness, making it easier to secure financing or negotiate favourable credit terms with suppliers.
  • Competitive advantage: By managing working capital effectively, businesses can gain a competitive advantage by having the financial resources to react quickly to changes in the market or to pursue growth opportunities.
  • Better decision-making: By having a clear understanding of its working capital position, a business can make more informed decisions about investments, financing, and operational strategies.
  • Avoiding liquidity problems: Effective working capital management helps businesses to avoid liquidity problems, such as a shortage of cash to pay suppliers or employees.
  • Ensuring financial stability: Managing working capital effectively is crucial for ensuring the financial stability and long-term viability of a business.
  • Improving profitability: By optimizing working capital levels and managing costs effectively, businesses can improve their profitability and maximize shareholder value.

Business Studies

Discover more comprehensive and exam-focused ZIMSEC Advanced Level Business Studies Notes.

Get more notes