A Level Business Studies: Operations planning/organising production
- Operations planning and organizing in business involves the process of determining the best way to allocate resources and coordinate activities to achieve business objectives. This is critical to ensure the efficient use of resources and achieve a competitive advantage.
- Production is one of the key aspects of operations planning and organizing, and it involves the process of transforming inputs into outputs that meet customer needs.
- There are different production methods that businesses can choose from, depending on the nature of the product and the production process. These include:
- Job Production: This is a production method used to manufacture products that are unique, one-off or custom-made. Each product is produced separately, and the process requires a high level of skill and expertise. Examples include bespoke furniture, art pieces, and wedding dresses.
- Batch Production: This is a production method used to manufacture products in batches or groups. Each batch follows the same process, and the equipment is adjusted for each batch to produce the required output. Examples include baked goods, pharmaceuticals, and computer hardware.
- Flow Production: This is a production method used to manufacture products that require a continuous production process. The process is highly automated, and each product passes through a sequence of operations. Examples include food and beverage production, automobile manufacturing, and oil refining.
- Line Production: This is a production method used to manufacture products that are assembled in a sequence of operations. Each operation is carried out by a different worker, and the product moves along the production line until it is complete. Examples include electronic goods, consumer goods, and home appliances.
- Continuous Production: This is a production method used to manufacture products that require a non-stop production process. The production process is fully automated, and the output is continuous. Examples include electricity generation, chemical processing, and water treatment.
- It is important to note that no one production method is perfect, and managers must choose the best method based on factors such as the nature of the product, the production process, and the level of demand.
- For example, when choosing a production method, managers might consider factors such as the cost of production, the quality of the product, the level of flexibility required, and the level of automation needed.
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