Mopane trees in Matebeland Zimbabwe. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Forestry: Zimbabwean forests: Mopani Savanna woodland

  • Also known as mopane
  • This type of woodland is mainly confined to parts of the middle and Lowveld, between 400 and 900 metres above sea level.
  • Rainfall decreases as one moves from the Highveld to the Lowveld to below 700 mm per annum.
  • The temperatures are considered high averaging 25°C and above.
  • The main tree species are the mopani, teak, mukwa and mahogany.
  • The mopani is mainly used as wood fuel, cheap furniture, crafts and animal feed as its leaves are nutritious even in their dry state.
  • The wood is also used for building and fencing in communal areas.
  • Mopani savannah is mainly confined to the Zambezi valley, the Mupfure and Gwaai valleys as well as to the southern middle and Lowvelds.
  • The hardwoods like Zimbabwe teak, mukwa and mahogany are exploited commercially to use various industries for example furniture making industries.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page