ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Uses, problems and solutions of commercial forests
- Commercial forests have different uses.
- Some of which include:
- The pine and eucalyptus are mainly used for construction purposes, furniture making as well as in the pulp and paper industry.
- Treated eucalyptus poles are also used for fencing, electricity and telephone posts.
- These forests also supply wood fuel to local communities.
- The wattle is used to produce tannin for the local leather industry and for export.
- Exotic forests are however threatened by:
- Uncontrolled forest fires.
- Tree diseases and fungi.
- Constant droughts.
- Strong winds.
- Competition for land with other land uses for example fruit farming, tea, coffee production.
- Growth of population which leads to demand for settlement and crop farming areas.
- Resettlement schemes
- Firewood sellers
- The following are suggested solutions to some of the problems stated above:
- A forestry training school has been opened at Mutare to train both local people and other people from other SADC countries in the sustainable use of forestry resources.
- Legislation such as by-laws forbid removal of trees and the use of fines when laws are broken.
To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page