ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Managing Human Resources: Trade Unions: Types of Industrial Action

  • If and when there is a failure in negotiations and conflict resolution employees may resort to industrial action
  • Industrial action refers to steps that employees can take to force management to accept their demands
  • There are various types of industrial action:
  • Withdrawal of cooperation
  • Work to rule
  • Overtime ban
  • Go slow
  • strike

Withdrawal of cooperation

  • This is when union leaders pull out of a negotiations with management

Work to rule

  • A form of industrial action where employees continue to report for work
  • They carry out their duties but drastically slow down the operations by punctilious adherence to a narrow interpretation of work rules included in the collective bargaining agreement.
  •  Employees do no more than the minimum required by the rules of their contract, and precisely follow all safety or other regulations, which may cause a slowdown or decrease in productivity
  • For example drivers may insist on driving vehicles that have been serviced, have fire extinguishers etc
  • Mechanics may insist on certain spanners instead of using say a shifting spanner

Strike

  • is collective, organized, cessation or slowdown of work by employees, to force acceptance of their demands by the employer.
  • A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances.
  • They are a form of collective bargaining
  • There are many types of strikes including:
  • wild cat strike- is when a strike is carried out by employees who either are not unionized or without the approval of union authorities
  • picketing- is when workers stand outside their workplace usually waving placards and chanting their grievances
  • Picketing workers may obstruct or prevent other employees from performing their duties or entering the workplace
  • Sit in/Sit down- is when workers report to their stations but do not perform any duties

Overtime ban

  • This is when workers refuse to work outside regular hours

Go slow/Slow down

  • Is when employees drastically reduce their productivity as a form of protest

To access more topics go to the O Level Business Notes

 

- See latest Zimbabwe grocery prices -

Deals

SEE LATEST SUPERMARKET PRICES, SHOP FOR GROCERIES VIA WHATSAPP
SEE PRICES & NEWS
We publish the latest grocery prices from Zimbabwean supermarkets. We also deliver groceries online

Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, click here to enter your query.