Coniferous forest. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Coniferous forests

  • Coniferous forests consists of evergreen trees which do not shed their leaves at any time of the year.
  • These are confined to the cool temperature, latitude in belts stretching across northern USA. Southern Canada, Scandinavia, northern Europe and the former Soviet Union among others.
  • Coniferous forest, the vegetation is composed primarily of cone-bearing needle-leaved or scale-leaved evergreen trees.
  • Found in areas that have long winters and moderate to high annual precipitation.
  • The northern Eurasian coniferous forest is called the taiga, or the boreal forest
  • The forests consists of pure stands of softwoods like pines, firs and spruce.
  • Trees are fast maturing, have adapted to snowy conditions, droughts and a short growing season.
  • Since they grow well in areas with poor sandy soils, they offer little competition from human activities like farming.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page