ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy:Thermal Power: Location Factors
- Thermal power stations cab be located at the fuel source.
- This is if the fuel is difficult to transport.
- For example Hwange Thermal Power station is located at the coal fields.
- The power station in the S.E Lowveld using baggage is also raw material oriented in location.
- Where transport is available, thermal power plants become market based in location.
- They become close to the points of demand for the electricity.
- For example the location of such power stations in Bulawayo, Harare, Zvishavane and at Munyati in Zimbabwe.
- Oil or gas fired thermal power stations behave in a similar way.
- A large piece of flat land is required to build a thermal power station.
- The land will be used to build the powerhouse, the cooling chambers, offices and transport routes as well as for stockpiling the coal.
- A thermal power station must be located near large rivers or where there are abundant, sufficient and efficient water supplies.
- This is taken into account when locating thermal power plants at the market.
- The burning of the fuel to boil water causes a lot of environmental pollution.
- Coal dust and oil leaks are disastrous pollutants.
- Therefore, these plants should be located far from residential areas and Central Business Districts.
- Coal, oil and natural gas are bulky fuels and are used in large amounts at thermal power stations.
- Plants that use coal can be located along railway lines while for oil and gas-fired plants, are located along pipelines which distribute the fuels.
To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page