harare_night-min

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: The city of Harare

  • According to the 2012 census:
  • Harare has a population of 2 098 199 people.
  • With a male population of: 1 011 831
  • And a female population of: 1 086 368
  • It is Zimbabwe’s administrative capital and largest city.
  • It is the focal point of all roads, rail and air routes in Zimbabwe.
  • It was established in 1890 by colonialists on Chief Neharava’s land.
  • It was initially named Fort Salisbury after the then British Prime Minister.
  • It was developed around the Kopje area which was further from the wet malaria infested areas of the Mukuvisi river.
  • It was later moved to Causeway where there was ample land for the development of government when it was turned into the capital in 1902.
  • It was granted municipal status in 1897.
  • The railway line reached Harare in 1899 from Beira.
  • Harare was linked with Bulawayo by rail in 1902
  • It became a city in 1935.
  • It was the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland in 1953-1963
  • It grew rapidly after the Second World War.
  • Industries sprouted up including motor assembling, trucks, radios, furniture etc.
  • Harare is also Zimbabwe’s largest commercial center.
  • It is also the country’s financial center where most of the banks are found.
  • The structure of Harare
  • Harare consists of a CBD which forms the city’s commercial hub.
  • It has developed a few industrial zones mainly to the south, south west and east of the CBD.
  • Most industries are also found along railway lines.
  • High density suburbs are found next to the industrial areas for example Highfields near Willowvale.
  • These are the low income residential areas.
  • They are mostly found to the south-west and west of the CBD.
  • The high density of Mabvuku, Tafara and Epworth are found on the Eastern fringes of Harare
  • They mainly provide domestic labour to the low density suburbs such as Greendale, Mandara and Chisipiti.
  • The medium and low density residential zones are mainly located on the north and eastern sectors of the city way from the industries and high density residential areas.
  • The low density suburbs are spacious and large.
  • They are usually located on large well maintained gardens.
  • Sub-urban shopping centers have developed in these areas to service residents for example Sam Levy in Borrowdale.
  • Several dormitory towns have also developed around the City including:
  • Chitungwiza, Ruwa and Norton.
  • These are mainly residential, these towns are also turning into industrial zones and have sub-urban shopping centers of their own.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page

- See latest Zimbabwe grocery prices -

Deals

SEE LATEST SUPERMARKET PRICES, SHOP FOR GROCERIES VIA WHATSAPP
SEE PRICES & NEWS
We publish the latest grocery prices from Zimbabwean supermarkets. We also deliver groceries online

Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge

If anything goes wrong, click here to enter your query.