Image credit

Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Specialisation

Specialisation is a result of division of labour that results in a worker honing their particular skills to become experts.

Benefits of specialisation of labour

  • workers and firms become experts in a particular job
  • training institutions have found it easy to set up vocational courses and training programs
  • workers acquire specific skills faster
  • workers become more proficient and productive in their areas of specialisation
  • employers are able to fit workers in particular job categories based on their aptitude and skills
  • specialist workers are able to communicate and share ideas pertinent to their work e.g via workshops
  • firms and countries are able to focus in areas of production they are experts in resulting in higher quality products being produced
  • firms can use specialist machinery and equipment
  • saves time in training operatives
  • results in faster development of new technology
  • saves on use of tools and equipment
  • surplus good are produced.

Disadvantages of specialisation of labour

  • automation leads to unemployment
  • leads to interdependence
  • results in immobility of labour
  • lack of craftsmanship
  • leads to limited choice of goods
  • re-training of specialist workers is expensive
  • repetitive tasks are boring to workers
  • specialist workers tend to overprotect themselves resulting in people not sharing ideas and skills and not wanting to know what others are doing

To access more topics go to the Commerce Notes page.