Recreational fishing off the coast of Namibia. Image credit

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Fishing:Sea fisheries on the west coast of Southern Africa

  • Fisheries of the Benguela cold current system cover the area along the west coast of South Africa, Namibia and southern Angola.
  • The area on the west coast of Southern Africa is washed by the cold Benguela current which is rich in nutrients.
  • The rich nutrient base gives rise to the growth of plants and microscopic organisms which provide marine organisms and fish with food.
  • Plant eating fish species and flesh-eating species flourish in these areas.
  • The major fish species are those originating from the Agulhas Bank.
  • These include, anchovy, pilchards, mackerel, hake, kingklip, tuna and sardines.
  • Rock lobster and crabs are important along the coast.
  • Luderitz is well known for its rock lobster with 97% of the catch being exported to Japan.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page