ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Rozvi State: Reasons for the fall of the Rozvi State
The following factors led to the eventual fall of the Rozvi state:
- The death of the Changamire Dombo who had founded the empire because of his charisma and military prowess.
- The rise of Weak and uncharismatic leaders.
- Succession disputes that were often accompanied by factionalism and
- Civil Wars
- The refusal to pay tribute by some vassal chiefs as a way of challenging the authority of the mambo over them.
- Failure by the Tumbare to maintain law and order in the kingdom.
- The decline of the gold trade.
- The vast size of the state which made control and communication difficult.
- The persistent droughts that afflicted the kingdom.
- Attacks by the Mfecane groups such as the Shangaane.
- Attacks by the Portuguese.
- Attacks by the Hiya of Dondo area.
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