ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy: Nuclear power: Location factors
- The pollution caused by nuclear power plants and the ever present danger of a melt down and nuclear fall-out have made such plants very sensitive in terms of location relative to areas of high population densities.
- Environmentalists in advanced countries have, through demonstrations, led to the shutdown of nuclear power stations.
- For these reasons, nuclear power plants are best located in isolated remote areas.
- They are also located far from human settlements in order to dispose of their nuclear wastes freely.
- Since large quantities of water are used at nuclear power stations, they therefore must locate near large rivers or near coastlines.
- Large areas of land is also needed to build the power plants.
- Other important factors in the production of nuclear power which are not locational in nature include demand, capital and technology or skills.
- Building a nuclear power station is very expensive and therefore large amounts of capital must be available.
- Countries with nuclear power stations include the USA, the UK, Germany, France, Sweden, Japan and Italy.
- Well trained nuclear physicists must also be available to build and maintain the stations.
- For a country to build nuclear power stations, the demand for electrical energy has to be very high to warrant the construction of such expensive plants.
To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page
Quick NetOne, Telecel, Africom, And Econet Airtime Recharge
If anything goes wrong, click here to enter your query.