ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming: Nomadism: A Case Study: Sedentarisation of nomads in the Sahel
Sedenterisation of Nomads in the Sahel
- In this scheme, an area to settle the nomads is selected by UN officials.
- A deep well is sunk at the centre, to provide water throughout the year.
- Twenty or more homesteads are pegged at radius of 1 km from the well and homes are built here.
- Fields are separated away from the well for each homestead.
- In summer, when rains are naturally falling, the settlers graze their livestock away from the well since pastures will be available.
- During this time, it is prohibited to graze within 1 km radius around the well.
- When it is winter time, the animals can now be grazed toward the central well.
- Pastures can be irrigated and crop stalks used as supplementary feed.
- Each farmer will only be allowed a maximum of 15 heads of livestock.
- In this way, it is felt the nomadism will stop, the animal numbers controlled, animals vaccinated and the living standards raised.
- Permanent homes are built and the farmers indulge in both crop production and animal husbandry, a sustainable type of mixed farming.
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