ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Air transport
- Is fast over long distances.
- It is a relatively safe mode of transporting goods i.e.:
- There are less riks of theft of and damage of goods during transportation.
- The insurance costs are low.
- The cost of packaging is low.
- Ideal for carrying expensive and valuable goods e.g. jewellary and electronics.
- Suitable for ferrying light-weight goods e.g. flowers.
- Is suitable for carrying pershiable products to the markets e.g. meat,flowers and vegetables.
- The cargo can bear the cost of transport.
- Operates on fixed routes.
- Operates on fixed schedules.
- Expensive over both short and long distances.
- Not suitable for short distances.
- Aeroplanes are expensive to purchase.
- The inital capital investiment costs are high.
- The operational costs are high.
- The maintanance and servicing costs are very high.
- Air freight charges are high.
- Not suitable for carrying goods in large quantities.
- Not a direct mode of transport.
- Not readily available and accessible to individuals.
- Personal ownership is very unlikely.
- Affected by poor weather conditions e.g. heavy snow and thunderstorms
Reasons for increase in the volume of cargo carried by air.
- Air transport is fast over long distances.
- Air transport is very safe.
- An increase in:
- the number of aeroplanes available.
- International trade.
- The development of:
- Specialised cargo aeroplanes e.g. refrigirated flower planes.
- Modern planes that have a higher carrying capacity.
- The construction of large and modern airports with advanced cargo handling facilities.
- The construction of more and more airports.
- The competition amongst air freight providers resulting in decreases in air freight charges.
- Technological advances like the computerisation and automation of loading and unload of cargo.
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