ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Fishing:Other fisheries in Zimbabwe
- Both commercial and subsistence fishing also takes place in Zimbabwe’s internal dams.
- The major ones include Lake Chivero and Manyame on the Manyame river and Lake Mutirikwi on the Mutirikwi river.
- The major catch in these areas is the tilapia.
- The tilapia (bream) was introduced into the Lakes Chvero and Mutirikwi as early as 1959 from Zambia.
- These have successfully established themselves in many lakes in the country
- Rivers are important fisheries in southern and central Africa regions.
- Subsistence fishing is important along the major perennial rivers for example the Orange, Limpopo, Zambezi, and Shire among others.
- The Zambezi and its tributaries for example boasts over 100 different fish species.
- Catches are however small and are affected by the seasonal fluctuation of water levels.
Flood plain and marshes
- Flood plains and marshes like the Barotse flood plain, the Kafue flats, and the marshes of the Luapula Valley among others are rich fish spawning grounds in south-central Africa.
- They are rich in fish food and yield several thousand tonnes of fish annually.
- The Barotse and Kafue flood plains in Zambia yield 11 000 tonnes of fish per year.
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