ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Natural Resources: Energy:Energy resources in Zimbabwe
- The major sources of Zimbabwe’s electrical energy are coal from Hwange and water at Kariba HEP station.
- Wood makes small but significant contributions.
- All the oil products used in the country for energy are imported, with ethanol only used to produce blend petrol.
- Demand of energy in Zimbabwe far outstrips supply resulting in shortages which create the energy crisis.
- The majority of Zimbabweans depend on wood fuel as their source of energy because:
- Wood is free and cheap.
- It is readily available.
- It is the traditional source of energy.
- It is a renewable source of energy.
- There is no alternative source of energy.
- Where there are alternatives in the form of electricity, paraffin or solar panels, these are too expensive for communal people.
- Poverty also accounts for this and there is general lack of appliances requiring use of electricity in rural areas.
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