ZIMSEC O Level Combined Science Notes:Contraception: Male or Female condoms

  • Are one of the most commonly used contraceptives

How it works

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  • The male condom is used to sheath(cover) an erect penis just before sex
  • The female condom is inserted into the vagina just before sex
  • Both condoms prevent sperms from entering the vagina


  • 99.6-99.8%
  • They are more effective if used with a spermicide


  • No need for a prescription
  • Provides protection against HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Maybe used as extra protection with other methods
  • Reversible


  • Must be used with every sex act and cause disruptions
  • Must be worn before any contact between sexual organs
  • Reduces sensation
  • There is risk of slippage/bursting
  • Possible side effects

Side effects

  • Some people are allergic to latex (the material used to make ┬ámost condoms)

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