Hopely Farm settlement

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Population: Causes of Rapid Population change and the effects of rapid population change

  • Improvement in the basic health care which has a lowered the death rate
  • Cultural factors for example, the desire to have a male child factor in the patriarchal societies
  • Need for labour in subsistence economies
  • Prestige of large family
  • Religious beliefs on contraceptives e.g. Catholics
  • Low level of education and illiteracy particularly among women
  • Low levels of contraceptive prevalence-contraceptives not readily available to people who need them

Effects of rapid population change

  • Rapid population growth becomes a liability when it creates an imbalance between population and resources required to sustain that population
  • This will in turn:
  • Create population pressure on the land, as is the case in most of Zimbabwe’s communal areas
  • Result in over-exploitation of resources resulting in land degradation and erosion
  • Force farmers off the land to go and look for employment in the already overcrowded urban areas
  • Increase poverty
  • Increase rural-urban migrations, thus increasing unemployment
  • Increase pressure on services for example, schools health, water and sanitation as is the case in most urban centres in developing countries
  • Reduce quality of life, increase homelessness and increases squatting for example, squatter settlements at Porta Farm near Norton town and  Hopely Farm near Harare.

To access more topics go to the O Level Geography Notes page