January 2023

The city of Gweru

By |2022-09-15T12:37:19+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The city of Gweru. Image credit vevesworld.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements: The city of Gweru

  • Gweru is an administrative capital of the Midlands region.
  • It has a male population of 776 787 and a female population of 838 154 which results in a total population of 1 614 941 […]

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Introduction to population growth, change and structure

By |2022-09-15T12:37:10+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Introduction to population growth, change and structure

  • There is a strong inter-relationship between birth rate, death rate, population growth, change and structure.
  • Birth rate is the number of live births per 1 000 of the population in one year.
  • \text{Crude Birth Rate}=\dfrac{Number\quad of \quad Live \quad Births \quad in \quad Year}{Total\quad Population \quad in […]

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Causes of Migrations

By |2022-09-15T12:37:03+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Causes of Migration. Image credit rnw.nl

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Migration: Causes of Migrations

  • Generally factors that affect migration are divide into two:
  • push factors and
  • pull factors
  • Push factors are those that are responsible for driving people from an area
  • Pull factors are those that attract people to an area.
  • […]


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Expansion of the Zulu State under Tshaka

By |2022-09-15T12:36:56+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A statue of Tshaka kaZulu. Image credit blogspot.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Zulu State: Expansion of the Zulu State under Tshaka

  • Shaka consolidated his power series of battles with neighbouring states in which he raided, destroyed and absorbed.
  • By 1824 he had defeated all clans in the region or absorbed […]

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The Role Played by Missionaries in Colonization of Zimbabwe

By |2022-09-15T12:36:49+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Chishawasha Mission circa 1891

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Missionaries in Zimbabwe:The Role Played by Missionaries in Colonization of Zimbabwe

  • They actively supported European political control
  • They played a big role in convincing local chief to sign treaties
  • In treaty negotiations, missionaries cheated African chiefs
  • They provided Africans with a false sense […]

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Nomadic Pastoralism

By |2022-09-15T12:36:40+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

Fulani Nomads. Image credit todayonline.com

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes:Agriculture:Farming types in Africa: Subsistence farming: Nomadic Pastoralism

  • Another traditional farming system still practiced in Africa and dates back for centuries is nomadic pastoralism.
  • The people who practice nomadism are called nomads.
  • Livestock kept by the nomads in Africa include goats, sheep, donkeys, […]

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Political and Social factors that led to the scramble for Africa

By |2022-09-15T12:36:37+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Colonial Africa

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:Scramble and Partition of Africa:Political and Social factors that led to the scramble for Africa

  • Nationalism or patriotism was an important political factor that led to the colonization of Africa.
  • Nationalism can simply be defined as the placing of one’s country above others
  • France had […]

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Treaties Signed between Zimbabwe Leaders and British Officials

By |2022-09-15T12:36:31+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Leander Starr Jameson. Image credit MediaWiki

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:The Colonization of Zimbabwe:Treaties Signed between Zimbabwe Leaders and British Officials

The Moffat Treaty of 1836

It was signed between Mzilikazi and Robert Moffat

Terms

  • It was friendship treaty
  • it allowed whites to move and settle into the Zimbabwean area

The Tati Concession of 1870

It […]


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Results of the Anglo-Ndebele War of 1893-94

By |2022-09-15T12:36:25+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Colonial propaganda drawing of the war

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes:Results of the Anglo-Ndebele War

  • The Ndebele were defeated and Lobengula fled from his capital after setting it on fire
  • Many Ndebele people were killed
  • The defeat of the Ndebele marked the colonization of the whole Zimbabwe
  • The Africans became divided […]

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Problems faced by ZISCO

By |2022-09-15T12:36:14+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Geography, Ordinary Level Notes|

The now defunct ZISCO steel. Image credit Newsday.co.zw

ZISCO Steel ceased operations in 2016

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Iron and Steel Industry:Problems faced by ZISCO

  • Old machineryZISCO has 4 blast furnaces of which only Blast Furnace No. 3 has been operating at near capacity.
  • The others due to […]

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