ZIMSEC O Level Business Studies Notes: Production: Batch Production

  • Is a method of production where products are made in batches
  • The products are made in groups rather than individually as in job production or in a continuous stream as in flow production
  • Each batch is completed before starting the next group of products
  • For example a shoe maker can produce shoes of the same design in groups of color or size
  • Another example is that of a baker who puts a set number of bread loaves in an oven
  • The technique is also used by paint makers where light colors are produced first before darker colors after the equipment has been cleaned
  • Batch production is suitable for producing products that are identical to each other but are limited to a given number or only supposed to be produced for a limited time
  • The labour involved is usually skilled or semi-skilled
  • Products made are standardized in a given batch

Advantages of batch production

  • The cost per unit is lower than in job production
  • There is room for standardization
  • Offers customers a variety of choices
  • Can take advantage of economies of large scale production
  • Can be used to meet seasonal demand, trial runs or minimal customization
  • Initial capital outlay can be low
  • There is flexibility to produce a number of products
  • Works well where short run production is needed for example bakery shop
  • It reduces the need for inventory

Disadvantages of batch production

  • Limited customization
  • Equipment has to be reconfigured every time a different batch is about to be produced
  • If there is a fault it will affect the entire batch

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