January 2023

Functions of an airport authority (CAAZ)

By |2022-09-15T12:43:09+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Harare International Airport at night. Image credit halbeegnews.net

Harare International Airport at night. Image credit halbeegnews.net ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Functions of an airport authority (CAAZ)

Functions of an airport authority.

  • As already said above the Civil Aviation Authority […]

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Modes of Transport: Pipeline

By |2022-09-15T12:43:08+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

An oil pipeline. Image credit MediaWiki

An oil pipeline. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Modes of Transport: Pipeline

Pipe line transport

Advantages

  • Is a direct mode of transport:
  • Provides a direct delivery i.e. they can reach the consumer directly.
  • Is ideal for transporting liquids and gasses e.g. LP gas and Petrol.
  • It […]

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Modes of transport: Sea

By |2022-09-15T12:43:08+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

The Oriana a cruise ship from Germany. Image credit totifun.com

The Oriana a cruise ship from Germany. Image credit totifun.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Modes of transport: Sea

Sea Transport.

Advantages

  • Is cheap.
  • Suitable for:
  • bulky cargo e.g. crude oil.
  • Heavy goods e.g. mineral ores.
  • Mixed cargo i.e. different goods.
  • Different types and sizes of ships […]

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Tramp ships

By |2022-09-15T12:43:07+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Tramp ship carrying containers. Image credit ecuadoratyourservice.com

Tramp ship carrying containers. Image credit ecuadoratyourservice.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Tramp ships

Tramps

  • Cargo ships which are for hire.
  • They can be hired for a specific time and journey.
  • They trade on the spot market.
  • They can be chartered at the Baltic Exchange in […]

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Types of sea transport: Liners

By |2022-09-15T12:43:07+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

The Carnival Magic, an ocean liner for people. Image credit wordpress.com

The Carnival Magic, an ocean liner for people. Image credit wordpress.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Liners

Liners

  • They are also known as ocean liners
  • Cargo ships which are not meant for hiring.
  • There are also ocean liners that carry people.
  • They follow […]

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Oil Bulk Ore (O.B.O) Ships

By |2022-09-15T12:43:06+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki

Sabrina I, a bulk carrier. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Oil Bulk Ore (O.B.O) Ships

Bulk Carriers

  • They are also known as Bulk Carriers.
  • They are a specialised type of ship (tankers) which carry special types of cargo.
  • These are bulk carrier […]

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Roll on Roll off (RoRo) Ships

By |2022-09-15T12:43:06+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

A RoRo ship loading. Image credit venice.it

A RoRo ship loading. Image credit venice.it ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Roll on Roll off (RoRo) Ships

Roll on Roll off (Ro-Ro) ships

  • These are specialised types of vessels.
  • They allow lorries or vehicles loaded with their own cargo to:
  • to be driven onto the ship (roll […]

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Ocean Tankers

By |2022-09-15T12:43:05+02:00January 24th, 2023|Notes, O Level Commerce Notes, Ordinary Level Notes, Transport|

An oil tanker. Image credit arabiangazette.com

An oil tanker. Image credit arabiangazette.com ZIMSEC O Level Commerce Notes: Transport: Ocean Tankers

Tankers

  • They are large in size ranging from a few thousand tons to over 500 000 tons in size.
  • They are a bulky type of carrier ship that specialise in transporting liquids e.g. […]

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