March 2017

End of White Rule and Independence

By |2017-03-08T03:23:17+02:00March 8th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Robert Mugabe the First Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: End of White Rule and Independence

  • Although Africans had the most causalities in the war, it is important to note that whites were also killed or injured
  • Many […]

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Internal Settlement and Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

By |2017-03-08T03:14:32+02:00March 8th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A photo of Abel Muzorewa

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Internal Settlement and Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

  • After Smith accepted the One Man One Vote he began talks with local moderate nationalists such as
  • Abel Muzorewa,
  • Chief Chirau and
  • Chief Ndiweni
  • The settlement allowed Africans to […]

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The Lancaster House Conference and Independence (September 1979 to April 1980)

By |2017-03-08T03:19:47+02:00March 8th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The signing of the Lancaster House Agreement

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: The Lancaster House Conference and Independence (September 1979 to April 1980)

  • The British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (the Iron Lady) agreed to convene a conference for Rhodesia
  • The conference was held […]

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War Activities after the Geneva Conference

By |2017-03-08T03:03:00+02:00March 8th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Air Rhodesia Viscount Aircraft. Image credit MediaWikihi

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: War Activities after the Geneva Conference

  • ZIPRA began to penetrate into the rural areas and also lost two of its leaders
  • Jason Z Moyo was killed in by a parcel bomb […]

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Rhodesian Government Response to the War

By |2017-03-08T02:54:47+02:00March 8th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Rhodesian soldiers about to be deployed

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Rhodesian Government Response to the War

  • Smith maintained that he fought the war to support Western Christian Civilization
  • According to Smith it was war against Communism, Subversion and Foreign Infiltration
  • According […]

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The Kissinger Proposals

By |2017-03-06T09:55:29+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The American Career diplomat Henry Kissinger. Image credit Huffington Post

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: The Kissinger Proposals

  • Efforts to get a peaceful settlement were necessary after the war were now necessary after 1977
  • Nkomo and Smith had failed to reach a consensus […]

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The Second Chimurenga: Escalation of the War

By |2017-03-06T09:49:08+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A Rhodesia Army soldier standing guard while people play golf

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Escalation of War

  • The war spread throughout Rhodesia by 1977 and ZANLA forces were stationed in Mozambique and they operated in Mashonaland whilst ZIPRA were in Matebeleland and stationed in […]

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Geneva Conference 1976 and Malta Talks 1978

By |2017-03-06T09:43:00+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mugabe in 1976

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Geneva Conference 1976 and Malta Talks 1978

  • In October 1976 ZANU and ZAPU united to form a Patriotic Front
  • They then went to a negotiating conference in Geneva, Switzerland as a united front and all negotiation which […]

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Assassination of Hebert Chitepo 18 March 1975

By |2017-03-06T09:34:36+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Hebert Chitepo Right

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Assassination of Hebert Chitepo 18 March 1975

  • The assassination of Chitepo saw crisis rocking ZANU as there were leadership struggles
  • Chitepo was a lawyer by profession and very intelligent and was a dedicated nationalist who […]

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Foreign Aid in the Second Chimurenga

By |2017-03-06T09:28:19+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Samora Machel provided critical help to Zimbabwe during the Second Chimurenga

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Foreign Aid in the Second Chimurenga

  • The Mozambique government continued giving its support to the ZANLA forces and by October 1975 recruits crossing into Zimbabwe were about […]

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