March 2017

ZANU Military Tactics

By |2022-09-15T12:35:14+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

ZANLA Fighters at a community meeting

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: ZANU Military Tactics

  • Recruitment into the ZANU army became almost automatic
  • After political education, most young men and women voluntarily joined the guerillas (Vakomana neVasikana)
  • Pungwes increased and intensified and were attended […]

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Second Chimurenga: Nyadzonya raid

By |2022-09-15T12:35:15+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A black member of the Rhodesian Selous Scouts wearing his uniform

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Nyadzonya raid

  • The Rhodesian Security Forces with the help of part-time soldiers organized a major counter-offensive attack on 2 May 1976
  • Rhodesian Selous Scouts on 9 August […]

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Settler’s (Rhodesian Army’s) warfare tactics

By |2022-09-15T12:35:15+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Abel Muzorewa in 2005

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Settler’s warfare tactics

  • They built a powerful army and air force of both whites and blacks. The blacks in white armies were sellouts
  • They also used the state of emergency declaration and used various […]

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Mass Mobilization and Politicization 1972-74

By |2022-09-15T12:35:16+02:00March 6th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Josiah “Magama” Tongogara

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980: Mass Mobilization and Politicization 1972-74

  • The nationalists saw that forceful recruiting was not working so there was need to change their approach to political education
  • They began mobilizing and educating the masses on the need […]

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The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the People’s Caretaker Council (PPC)

By |2022-09-15T12:35:25+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mugabe the Secretary General of Zanu PF

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:The Zimbabwe African National Union and the People’s Caretaker Council (PPC)

  • After disputes in the nationalist ZAPU, they split into two groups as there was dissatisfaction over Nkomo’s leadership after he accepted […]

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The Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU)

By |2022-09-15T12:35:25+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Nkomo and Garfield Todd

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:The Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU)

  • It was formed eight days after the NDP was banned
  • The Whitehead government was planning for election in 1962 under the new constitution
  • It constricted its repressive laws and […]

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National Democratic Party (NDP)

By |2022-09-15T12:35:26+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Nkomo (left) meets Mandela

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:National Democratic Party (NDP)

  • When the ANC was banned Africans viewed this as imperialists did not want to end racial segregation
  • The bans were only temporal as other African nationalists educated in the diaspora rose, […]

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The African National Congress (ANC)

By |2022-09-15T12:35:26+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Sir Garfield Todd

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:The African National Congress

  • Modern nationalism as characterized by the emergency of focused and determined political leaders
  • The ANC was reborn during the times of Todd’s government on 12 September 1957
  • The ANC was initially formed […]

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Causes of the Second Chimurenga and the UDI

By |2022-09-15T12:35:26+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ian Smith signing the UDI.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:  The Armed Struggle (1966-1979)

  • Nationalists saw that the use of violence and war could not be avoided
  • Many other factors also caused the outbreak of the Chimurenga ranging from reformist pressure politics to […]

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The Beginning of the Second Chimurenga War (1965-1971)

By |2022-09-15T12:35:27+02:00March 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ian Smith and Harold Wilson aboard the HMS Tiger

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Struggle for Independence in Colonial Zimbabwe 1900-1980:  The Beginning of the War (1965-1971)

  • The war started in the late 1960s but was weak because Nationalist leaders such as Nkomo and Mugabe had been arrested in 1964 […]

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