March 2017

Hitler’s Foreign Policy

By |2022-09-15T12:34:24+02:00March 29th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

HItler with Mussolini the Italian Dictator

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Germany: Hitler Foreign Policy

  • Hitler wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles
  • Hitler also aimed at stopping the spread of communism
  • He also wanted to provide Germans with Living Space (Lebensraum) by conquering as many countries […]

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Mussolini’s Foreign policy

By |2022-09-15T12:34:36+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Benito Mussolini with Adolf Hitler. Image credit Smithsonian Magazine

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Foreign policy

Foreign expansion

  • As things got difficult at home Mussolini started embarking on foreign adventures.
  • He praised glories of war and promised the recreation of the Roman Empire […]

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Negative effects of Mussolini’s domestic policies

By |2022-09-15T12:34:36+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Anti-fascist protester being arrested

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Negative effects of Mussolini’s domestic policies

  • People lost their freedom of expression because of censorship.
  • There was lack of individual freedom.
  • Not all Italians were employed.
  • Loss of lives as those who opposed Fascim […]

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Benefits of Mussolini’s domestic Policy

By |2022-09-15T12:34:37+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Circus Maximus was cleaned as part of Mussolini’s domestic policies. Image credit umass.edu

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

  • Employment creation through the public works and other employment schemes in the army and in industries.
  • Transport and communications were […]

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Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

By |2022-09-15T12:34:37+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini giving a speech.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Mussolini’s Domestic Policy and Achievements

One of Mussolini’s major aim was economic self-sufficiency with policies like the battle for grain, the battle for babies and the battle of the LIRA.

Battle of Grain

  • Mussolini encourage […]

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Mussolini: Main features of Fascist Dictatorship

By |2022-09-15T12:34:37+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini’s dictatorship was characterized by autocratic leadership

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: Main features of Fascist Dictatorship

  1. Anti-democratic tendencies.
  2. Propaganda
  3. Self sufficiency.
  4. Totalitarianism and autocratic leadership
  5. Extreme nationalism.
  6. Emphasis on the country/groups/community rather than an individual.
  7. Anti-communism.
  8. Supremacy of state.
  9. National unity.
  10. One […]

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How Mussolini established total control in Italy between 1922 and 1930

By |2022-09-15T12:34:38+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini during one of his rallies.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: How Mussolini established total control in Italy between 1922 and 1930

Benito Mussolini took several steps to establish and consolidate his power in Italy.

  • In 1923 he passed the Acerbo law which […]

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The methods used by the Fascists to gain support

By |2022-09-15T12:34:38+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mussolini leading the Blackshirts on the March to Rome.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: The methods used by the Fascists to gain support

  • The use of force-They used violence to kill off prominent opposition members.
  • Intimidation-those with debts were threatened with harsher and […]

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The rise of Mussolini and the Fascists party

By |2022-09-15T12:34:38+02:00March 22nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A mugshot of young Benito Mussolini. Image credit blogspot.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini: The rise of Mussolini and the Fascists party 

  • Benito Mussolini was born in 1883 at Dovia and his mother was a school teacher.
  • He was once a socialist […]

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April 2015

Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini

By |2022-09-15T12:45:12+02:00April 14th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

 

Il Duce. Benito Mussolini. Image by History.com

Il Duce. Benito Mussolini. Image by History.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Dictatorship in Europe: Dictatorship in Italy: Benito Mussolini 

Post war Italy was chaotic and plagued by a lot of problems creating a fertile hotbed for the rise of Fascism and dictatorship under Benito Mussolini […]


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