January 2017

Military of the Mutapa Organisation of the Mutapa State

By |2022-09-15T12:37:06+02:00January 26th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

African Spear. Image credit swordsantiqueweapons.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa State (Kingdom): Military of the Mutapa Organisation of the Mutapa State

  • The Mutapa did not have a standing army
  • The army was mobilized from peasants when there was an emergency
  • The war council in the Mutapa state was known as […]

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Importance and effects of foreign trade in the Mutapa state

By |2022-09-15T12:37:07+02:00January 26th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ivory Trade was part of the Foreign Trade in Mutapa State. Image credit watchdog.co.ug

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa State (Kingdom): Importance and effects of foreign trade in the Mutapa state

  • Trade played an important role in the Mutapa State

Importance of Trade in the Mutapa Kingdom

  • The cloths and beads […]

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Trade in the Mutapa State

By |2022-09-15T12:37:07+02:00January 26th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Gold is one of the items traded in Mutapa kingdom. Image credit idolator.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa State (Kingdom): Trade in the Mutapa State

  • Three types of trade were done in the Mutapa state
  • That is, internal trade with the locals,
  • inter-regional trade with other states like the Ndebele […]

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Religious Organization of the Mutapa State

By |2022-09-15T12:37:18+02:00January 24th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Some people still practice the African Religion of the Mutapa state.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa Kingdom:Religious Organization of the Mutapa State

  • The Munhumutapa was the supreme leader and the religious leader of the Mutapa people.
  • He had the ultimate religious powers.
  • Evidence from oral tradition argues that the Munhumutapa […]

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A list of known Mhondoros/Svikiros in the Mutapa Kingdom

By |2022-09-15T12:37:18+02:00January 24th, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Nyakasikana the last known medium of Nehanda.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Mutapa Kingdom: A list of known Mhondoros/Svikiros in the Mutapa Kingdom

  • Mhondoros were the national spirit mediums/ancestral spirits in the Mutapa state
  • They were usually made up of royal ancestral spirits
  • The word svikiro comes from a Shona verb (infinitive) kusvika which […]

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October 2015

Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?

By |2022-09-15T12:41:00+02:00October 29th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

An early Portuguese map showing the Mutapa state

An early Portuguese map showing the Mutapa state. Image credit MediaWiki ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Mutapa State:Did the people of the Mutapa state benefit from the expansion of the state?
  • The expansion of the Mutapa state brought with it some benefits including:
  • Trade items […]

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The Benefits of the Portuguese Activities in the Mutapa State (Zambezi Valley)

By |2022-09-15T12:41:22+02:00October 4th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Portuguese introduced maize to Zimbabwe. It has since become the staple. Image credit mediawiki

The Portuguese introduced maize to Zimbabwe. It has since become the staple. Image credit mediawiki ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Benefits of the Portuguese Activities in the Mutapa State

The activities of the Portuguese in the […]


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Reasons for the spread of Portuguese influence in the Zambezi valley

By |2022-09-15T12:41:23+02:00October 4th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Swahili slave traders. Image credit blogspot.com

Swahili slave traders. Image credit blogspot.com ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Portuguese in Zambezi Valley: Reasons for the spread of Portuguese influence in the Zambezi valley
  • To spread Christianity in the form of the Catholic faith to other countries and in the process,
  • Check the […]

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The Officials found at Mutapa court

By |2022-09-15T12:41:23+02:00October 4th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

A modern day spirit medium. Image credit blogspot.com

A modern day spirit medium. Image credit blogspot.com ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Officials found at Mutapa Court

The following officials were found at the Mutapa court in the Mutapa kingdom.

  • The Mutapa himself.
  • The Governor of Provinces (Nengomasha) who was in fact the king’s […]

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The importance of cattle in the Rozvi and Mutapa states

By |2022-09-15T12:41:24+02:00October 4th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cattle are still a symbol of wealth even today. Image credit nehandaradio.com

Cattle are still a symbol of wealth even today. Image credit nehandaradio.com ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The importance of cattle in the Rozvi and Mutapa states
  • Cattle were at the center of every family’s wealth in both the […]

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