February 2017

Military Organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:49+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mzilikazi Khumalo

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Political organization of the Ndebele State

  • The Ndebele had a standing army
  • The Ndebele also practiced the age regimental system
  • Membership in the regimental system was hereditary
  • The men could marry after they had been granted permission by the king
  • The Ndebele army was not […]

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Political organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:50+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele King Lobengula.

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: Political organization of the Ndebele State

  • The Ndebele State was a centralized and militarized state
  • This means that all the political, military, administration, judiciary and religious were in the hands of the king
  • The king was responsible for the selection of indunas and chiefs […]

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Religious Organisation of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:50+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Drawing of Ndebele army dancing. Image credit plus.google.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:Religious Organisation of the Ndebele State

  • They believed in a supreme God whom they called Umnkulunkulu.
  • The Ndebele adopted the Rozvi Mwari called Mlimo in SiNdebele and Amadhloziformerly called masvikiro
  • In times of disaster they consulted the […]

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The Social Organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:51+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele Caste system

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Social Organization of the Ndebele State

  • The Ndebele state was organized in a caste system. A caste system is a system of class determined by birth meaning if you are born in a poor family you will also be poor
  • The […]

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The Economic Organization of the Ndebele State

By |2022-09-15T12:36:51+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Cattle were important in the Ndebele State’s economy. Image credit heifer.org

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Economic Organization of the Ndebele State

  • The main economic activity of the Ndebele state was raiding
  • Raiding was done by the army and they raided for cattle, grain and women
  • The raids were […]

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Problems faced by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:52+02:00February 3rd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Ndebele village circa 1890. Image credit wordpress.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:Problems faced by the Ndebele during their journey from Zululand

  • These are some of the problems faced by the Ndebele/Khumalo on their way from Zululand to Western Zimbabwe:
  • Families were separated when the Ndebele were moving to Zimbabwe
  • […]


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The Khumalo/ Ndebele Migration from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:52+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

The Ndebele fled from Tshaka. Image credit pinterest.com

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State:The Khumalo/ Ndebele Migration from Zululand

  • In 1822 Mzilikazi was sent by Shaka to go on a raiding expedition
  • Mzilikazi became greedy and decided not to bring back the booty to Shaka and keep it for himself
  • […]


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Settlements Established by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand

By |2022-09-15T12:36:54+02:00February 2nd, 2017|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Traditional Dancers. Image credit african.one

ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele State: Settlements Established by the Ndebele on their way from Zululand

  • These are the names that the settlements that the Ndebele established on their way from Zululand:
    1. Ekhupumuleni
    2. Emhlahlahlandhlela
    3. Egabeni
    4. Mosega
    5. Endinaneni
    6. Enkengwini
    7. Tshweyane

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October 2015

Settlements established by the Ndebele South of the Limpopo

By |2022-09-15T12:41:06+02:00October 12th, 2015|Notes, O Level History Notes, Ordinary Level Notes|

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit  africanfederation.net

Mzilikazi Khumalo King of the Ndebele. Image credit africanfederation.net ZIMSEC O Level History Notes: The Ndebele: Settlements established by the Ndebele South of the Limpopo
  • These are the names of the settlements established by the Ndebele south of the Limpopo as they […]

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